Saint Louis University, St. Louis, Missouri, 2014-2022

Ph.D., Philosophy (With distinction), 2022

"Radically Connected: Ockham’s Metaphysics of Efficient Causation"

Susan Brower-Toland (director), John Heil, Jonathan D. Jacobs, Scott Ragland

Biola University, La Mirada, California, 2012-2013

Master of Arts, Philosophy (Highest Honors), 2013

Covenant Theological Seminary, St. Louis, Missouri, 2008-2011

Master of Divinity (Summa Cum Laude), 2011

Webster University, St. Louis, Missouri, 2005-2007

Bachelor of Science, Computer Science (Magna Cum Laude), 2007

Areas of Research

Areas of Specialization

Medieval, Contemporary Metaphysics

Areas of Competence

Ancient, Ethics, Epistemology, Philosophy of Religion, Philosophy of Mind

Teaching and Research Experience

Saint Louis University

PHIL 1050: Introduction to Philosophy: Self & Reality, Instructor (Fall 2015, Spring 2016)

PHIL 1050: Introduction to Philosophy: Self & Reality, Teaching Assistant (Fall 2019)

PHIL 1050: Philosophy and the Good Life, Teaching Assistant (Spring 2020, Spring 2021)

PHIL 2050: Ethics, Instructor (Fall 2016, Spring 2017, Fall 2017, Spring 2018, Fall 2020)

PHIL 3250: Philosophy of Religion, Instructor (Spring 2019)

PHIL 4930: Latin Palaeography, Teaching Assistant (Fall 2018)

Honors and Awards

Saint Louis University

2019: APA Central Division Graduate Student Stipend 

2018: Collins Award for Graduate Student Excellence ($2,000)

2018: Dissertation Prospectus Passed With Distinction

2018: APA Eastern Division Graduate Student Stipend

2016: ACPA Annual Meeting Travel Stipend

Biola University

2013: Elected to membership in Kappa Tau Epsilon, the Talbot School of Theology Scholastic Honor Society

2013: MA Philosophy & Ethics Scholarship

2012: Fieldstead Grant MA Philosophy Scholarship, Academic Years 2012-13, 2013-14

2012: Talbot Graduate Grant, Academic Years 2012-13, 2013-14

Covenant Theological Seminary

2011: R. Laird Harris Award in Exegesis

2008: 50% General Scholarship, Academic Years 2008-9, 2009-10, 2010-11

Webster University

2007: Math and Computer Science Department Honors

2005: $10,000 Parkway District High School Scholarship, Academic Years 2005-6, 2006-7


"Potens Per Accidens Sine Accidentibus: Ockham on Material Substances and Their Essential Powers." Vivarium 59, no. 1-2 (2021): 102-122.

"Reframing Aquinas on Art and Morality." American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 92, no. 2 (2018): 295-311.



September 2018: "Naturally Apt For One Another: Ockham on the Nature of Causal Linkage," University of Toronto Colloquium in Medieval Philosophy, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada

June 2018: "The Digital Future of Ockham Scholarship with SCTA Data," The 2nd Annual SCTA Community Meeting: The Digital Future of Scholasticism, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland


February 2019: "Supercharged Substances: Ockham on Substantial Powers," American Philosophical Association Central Division, Denver, Colorado

June 2018: "Supercharged Substances: Ockham on Substantial Powers," Theories of Causal Powers in the Thirteenth and the Fourteenth Century, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium

April 2018: "Action Is Not A ‘Little Thing’: Ockham's Regress Argument Against Entities of Action," The Morris Colloquium in Medieval Philosophy, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, Colorado

January 2018: "Henry More, Holenmeric Souls, and the Unity of Consciousness Argument," American Philosophical Association Eastern Division, Savannah, Georgia

September 2017: "Shared Liturgical Lament," Society of Christian Philosophers Eastern Division, Asbury University, Wilmore, Kentucky

November 2016: "‘Wisdom’ is Said in Many Ways," Indiana Philosophical Association, DePauw University, Greencastle, Indiana

November 2016: "Shared Liturgical Lament," American Catholic Philosophical Association Annual Conference, San Francisco, California

April 2015: "Modal Realism and the Ethical Objection from Transworld Causation," University of Iowa Graduate Philosophy Conference, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa

March 2015: "Modal Realism and the Ethical Objection from Transworld Causation," Society of Christian Philosophers Pacific Division, Azusa Pacific University, Azusa, California

April 2014: "Emergent Individuals and the Unitary Powers Dilemma," Berkeley-Stanford-Davis Graduate Philosophy Conference, UC Davis, Davis, California


July 2019: Conventiculum Dickinsoniense, Dickinson College, Carlisle: Pennsylvania

June 2019: Philosophy as a Way of Life, Mellon Foundation and the University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame: Indiana

June 2018: Theories of Causal Powers in the Thirteenth and the Fourteenth Century, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium

Research Languages

Ancient Greek (Reading proficiency)

Latin (Reading proficiency)


Susan Brower-Toland

Associate Professor of Philosophy 

Saint Louis University

John Heil 

Professor of Philosophy

Washington University in St. Louis

Jonathan D. Jacobs

Associate Professor of Philosophy   

Saint Louis University

Scott Ragland (Teaching reference)

Professor of Philosophy and Department Chair

Saint Louis University